The Guadalajara cartel (Spanish: Cártel de Guadalajara), also known as The Federation (Spanish: La Federación) was the one of the earliest and largest Mexican drug cartels to smuggle drugs into the United States of America.
The cartel was formed by Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo, along with Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo and Rafael Caro Quintero in the early 1980s with the purpose of smuggling marijuana to the United States. The cartel soon began to work with Colombian drug cartels and began smuggling cocaine into the United States, under the protection of the DFS and several Mexican politicians.
The cartel maintained secrecy till 1985, when it gained notoriety for the kidnapping of Enrique Camarena and Alfredo Zavala. Despite this, the cartel thrived till it broke apart in 1989, splitting into several smaller cartels; leading to the Mexican Drug War.
Members[edit | edit source]
- NOTE: The list is incomplete.
Guadalajara/Leadership[edit | edit source]
- Miguel Ángel Félix Gallardo (leader)
- Ernesto Fonseca Carrillo
- Rafael Caro Quintero
- Salvador Osuna Nava
- Juan José Esparragoza Moreno
Juárez plaza[edit | edit source]
Tijuana plaza[edit | edit source]
- Benjamín Arellano Félix
- Francisco Rafael Arellano Félix
- Ramón Arellano Félix
- Eduardo Arellano Félix
- Enedina Arellano Félix
- Francisco Javier Arellano Félix
- Alicia Maria Arellano Félix
- Isabel Arellano Félix